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ems ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS  
 
 
Medium : English
 
Duration : July 2014 to March 2015
 
Time : 10 AM to 1 PM
 

Fees : 5500/-

Visit Fees : (G.M.R.T Visit Fee 1500 Mandatory ) ( Lonar Visit 4000 Optionl)

 
On Sundays Only
 
Venue : Nehru Planetarium, Worli.
 
 
SYLLABUS:
 
1. Introduction
 
Fascination of Astronomy
 
Important branches of Astronomy
 

astronomy Observational Astronomy : Catalogues and Star charts and instrumentation

 
astronomy The astronomical Zoo : Solar system, Stars and star clusters, Molecular Cloud Compleses, Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies, intergalactic medium.
 
astronomy Windows to the Universe : Radio Astronomy, Infrared, Optical, Ultraviolet, and X-ray and Gamma Ray Astronomy, cosmic rays, rays.
 
2. Historical Perspectives
 
astrophysics A. Brief History of Astronomy
 
astrophysics Western Astronomy Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, Newton, Einstein, Hubble, ……
 
astrophysics B. Space Probes: Apollo Series, Moon Landing, Pioneer, Mariner, Voyager Series, Modern Space probes, Magelan, Galileo, Space Telescopes-IRAS, Hubble, GRO, ASCA ……
 
3. Basic Mathematics
 
astronomy Spherical Trignometry formulae.
 
astrophysics Spherical Trignometry formulae.
 
4. Basic Physics
 
4.1 Physical concepts
astronomy Density, Pressure, Atmospheric pressure.
astrophysics Temperature and Temperature Scales, Black Body Radiation.
astronomy Velocity, Acceleration, Force; Momentum; Acceleration due to gravity.
 
4.2 Dynamical calculations.
 
Orbital Velocity and Escape Velocity, Newton's laws of motion, Newton's law of gravitation, gravitational acceleration of planets; Escape velocity of planets; orbital velocity of planets; Proof of eliptical orbits, Doppler effect.
 
4.3 Kepler's Laws and Orbits
 
Elliptical Motion, Eccentricity, Perihelion, Aphelion, Foci, Velocity at Perihelion, Velocity at Aphelion, Velocity at any point, Orbit parameters (a, b), calculating orbit of a comet.
 
5. Advanced Physics
 
Electromagnetic Radiation; Electromagnetic Spectrum; Wave length; Frequency; Speed of light, Visible spectrum; Invisible spectrum; Absorption/emission spectrum.. Foundations of relativity.
 
6. Observational Techniques
 
A. Astronomical Measurements: Astronomical Unit; Light Year; Parsec; Parallax., Distance to Stars from the parallax and other methods.
 
B. Magnitude scales : Apparent Magnitude; Absolute Magnitude; Bolometric Magnitude Distance of star from magnitude.
 
C. Optics : Magnification., lenses and Mirrors; Baclow lens; Eyepieces, Binoculars; Telescopes: Refracting; Reflecting; Casegrian.
 
D. Time in Astronomy : Types of Year; Tropical Sidereal; Andmalistic; Types of Lunar month; Sidereal; Synodic; Drocenic; Nedical; Sidereal Time; GST; LST; Mean time; Time Zones; IST; LT; Universal Time; Ephemeries Time; Julian date; Calendars; Julian; Gregorian.
 
E. Calculation : Calculations of travel time of planets; Julian day number calculations; Calculation GST and LST.
 
F. Celestial Coordinate Systems and Celestial Circles : Equator; Ecliptic; Meridian; Six O clock circle; Celestial Points : Equinoxes and Solstices; Poles (Ecliptic and Equatorial); Precession of Earth's Axis; Celestial Coordinates; Alt/Azimuth; RA/Declination; Longitude/Latitude; Conversion of Coordinates.
 
7. Astronomy from Indian Almanac
 
astrophysics 27 Constellations and 12 signs of zodiac
 
astrophysics Niryaan and Sayan positions of planets.
 
astrophysics Elongation and visibility of planets
 
astrophysics Tithi and Nakashtra (meaning), use of Tithi
 
astrophysicsSampatik Kaal (meaning)
 
astrophysics Calculations : Elongation of planets and their visibility Elongation chart.
 
8. Laboratory Astronomy
 
Observations of elemental spectra and their correlation to Astronomy, absorption and emission features, Dopler Shift, Hubble's Law and expanding universe, Black body ration and temperatures, types variabilities (binary, pulsations etc.) HR diagram.
 
Size and Distance Scales
 
Scales on powers of 10, structure differences on size scale, boundaries of dimensions, determination of distance and standard candies.
 
10. Solar System
 
Astronomical bodies : Sun, planets and satellites. Gravitational fields Origin of solar system.
 
Shadows and crescents eclipses; Solar Eclipses : Partial, Total, Annular; Lunar Eclipse : Partial, Total, Annular; Eclipse Year; Nodes; Saros and Metonic Cycle.
 
11. Minor Bodies in the Solar System
 
Meteorites, Asteroids, Comets, and their orbits, composition and sizes and masses, Oort's Cloud and Kuiper Belt, inflow rate.
 
12. Clustering in Space
 
Size scale of the Universe, planets around stars, stellar clusters, Galaxies, Galactic structures.
 
13. Exotic Objects in the Universe
 
Evolution of stars, brown dwarfs, white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes, pulsars, quasars and X-ray sources.
 
14. Quiet Universe
 
Emission in stars, equilibrium conditions in astrophysical objects and structures, dynamic equilibria and importance of rotation and magnetic fields.
 
15. Violent Universe
 
Flares on the sun and stars, accretion instabilities, supernovae type I and II, and Active Galactic Nuclei, Galaxy mergers and the Big Bang.
 
16. Universe at Different Wavelength High & Low Energies
 
Radio universe, synchrotron emission and jets in stars and galaxies, winds and protostellar and protogalactic matter, protostellar clouds, Infrared Universe and star forming region-atmospheres and halos of stars, Optical Universe and stars and their interactions, velocity distributions and large scale structures. Ultraviolet astronomy-clouds and absorption High energy phenomena in stars production of X rays and Gamma rays, Atmosphere of stars, magnetospheres of pulsars, inner structures of quasars.
 
17. Invisible Universe
 
Dark matter in the universe, Halos of Galaxies, neutrinos.
 
18. Einstein's Universe
 
The Big bang and cosmology, expanding universe and evidences for Big Bang, Gravitational redshift and time dilation.
 
19. Outstanding Problems in Astronomy
 
Unresolved problems in Astronomy and Astrophysics.
 
Projects and Experiments
 
astronomy Plot of Comets path.
 
astronomy Plot of and Sun throughout the year
 
astronomy T2 and R3 plot: Keplers 3rd law proof.
 
astronomy Sundial construction : Equatorial and Horizontal.
 
astronomy Plotting, retrograde motion on sky chart.
 
astronomy Model of comet's path.
 
astronomy Path of comet on sky chart.
 
astronomy Plotting constellations.
 
astronomy North-South line from shadow of a stick, determination of latitude and longitude from shadow.
 
astronomy Plotting Sunset/moon rise.
 
astronomy Sun-Spot observation.
 
 
PHASES OF ECLIPSE
 
eclipse eclipse eclipse
eclipse eclipse eclipse
eclipse eclipse eclipse
 
 
 
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मुख्य पान | आमच्याविषयी | प्रमाणपत्र अभ्यासक्रम | उपयुक्त अभ्यासक्रम | सुट्टीतले अभ्यासक्रम |
आमची प्रकाशने | ग्रामीण कार्यक्रम | संपर्क | इंग्रजी
   
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