University of Mumbai
Centre for Extra-Mural Studies
(Joint Collaboration with Nehru Planetarium, Mumbai)

Language : English

Duration : 10 Months

Time : 10 AM to 1 PM On Sundays only

Tution Fee : 7500/- (Visit fee Extra)

Venue :Nehru Planetarium, Mumbai

Next Batch : July, 2023


1. Introduction

2. Historical Perspectives

3. Basic Mathematics

4. Basic Physics

4.1 Physical concepts

4.2 Dynamical calculations.

Orbital Velocity and Escape Velocity, Newton's laws of motion, Newton's law of gravitation, gravitational acceleration of planets; Escape velocity of planets; orbital velocity of planets; Proof of eliptical orbits, Doppler effect.

4.3 Kepler's Laws and Orbits Elliptical Motion, Eccentricity, Perihelion, Aphelion, Foci, Velocity at Perihelion, Velocity at Aphelion, Velocity at any point, Orbit parameters (a, b), calculating orbit of a comet.

5. Advanced Physics Electromagnetic Radiation; Electromagnetic Spectrum; Wave length; Frequency; Speed of light, Visible spectrum; Invisible spectrum; Absorption/emission spectrum.. Foundations of relativity.

6. Observational Techniques

A. Astronomical Measurements: Astronomical Unit; Light Year; Parsec; Parallax., Distance to Stars from the parallax and other methods.

B. Magnitude scales : Apparent Magnitude; Absolute Magnitude; Bolometric Magnitude Distance of star from magnitude.

C. Optics : Magnification., lenses and Mirrors; Baclow lens; Eyepieces, Binoculars; Telescopes: Refracting; Reflecting; Casegrian.

D. Time in Astronomy : Types of Year; Tropical Sidereal; Andmalistic; Types of Lunar month; Sidereal; Synodic; Drocenic; Nedical; Sidereal Time; GST; LST; Mean time; Time Zones; IST; LT; Universal Time; Ephemeries Time; Julian date; Calendars; Julian; Gregorian.

E. Calculation : Calculations of travel time of planets; Julian day number calculations; Calculation GST and LST.

F. Celestial Coordinate Systems and Celestial Circles : Equator; Ecliptic; Meridian; Six O clock circle; Celestial Points : Equinoxes and Solstices; Poles (Ecliptic and Equatorial); Precession of Earth's Axis; Celestial Coordinates; Alt/Azimuth; RA/Declination; Longitude/Latitude; Conversion of Coordinates.

7. Astronomy from Indian Almanac

8. Laboratory Astronomy

9. Solar System

10. Minor Bodies in the Solar System Meteorites, Asteroids, Comets, and their orbits, composition and sizes and masses, Oort's Cloud and Kuiper Belt, inflow rate.

11. Clustering in Space Size scale of the Universe, planets around stars, stellar clusters, Galaxies, Galactic structures.

12. Exotic Objects in the Universe Evolution of stars, brown dwarfs, white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes, pulsars, quasars and X-ray sources.

13. Quiet Universe Emission in stars, equilibrium conditions in astrophysical objects and structures, dynamic equilibria and importance of rotation and magnetic fields.

14. Violent Universe Flares on the sun and stars, accretion instabilities, supernovae type I and II, and Active Galactic Nuclei, Galaxy mergers and the Big Bang.

15. Universe at Different Wavelength High & Low Energies

Radio universe, synchrotron emission and jets in stars and galaxies, winds and protostellar and protogalactic matter, protostellar clouds, Infrared Universe and star forming region-atmospheres and halos of stars, Optical Universe and stars and their interactions, velocity distributions and large scale structures. Ultraviolet astronomy-clouds and absorption High energy phenomena in stars production of X rays and Gamma rays, Atmosphere of stars, magnetospheres of pulsars, inner structures of quasars.

16. Invisible Universe

Dark matter in the universe, Halos of Galaxies, neutrinos.

17. Einstein's Universe The Big bang and cosmology, expanding universe and evidences for Big Bang, Gravitational redshift and time dilation.

18. Outstanding Problems in Astronomy